It is the biggest of South India's largest cultural, economic and educational centers in South India, located at the Bay of Chennai (pre-named Madras). Chennai is the capital of Indian state of Tamil Nadu. According to the indian census of 2011 (adjusted to the new limits of Chennai city), this fourth largest city is the fourth largest city in India and the fourth denominations in India is an urban structure. The town is Chennai Metropolitan Area, which according to the world's population, is 36-largest urban area. One of the most famous Indian cities of Chennai foreign tourists is under 43rd visit in the world for 2015. The quality of the living survey rated Chennai as the safest city in India. The 45 percent of health tourists that come in Chennai, India about 30 to 40 per cent of our domestic health tourists. It, for example, called "India's health capital," goes to the rise of metropolitan cities in a developing country, Madras takes ample pollution and other military and social economic problems.
செ ன் னை
|Time zone||ISO (UTC+5:30)|
India's third largest population in Chennai was 3.5 lakhs in 2009, 85 lakhs in 2011 and 2018 estimated more than 15 million. To travel in 2015, a tourist guide, publisher Lonely Planet, has named Chennai as one of the top ten cities in the world. Chennai was placed as a beta-level city in the Global Citizen Index and India was the best city it was by India Today in the year 2014. In 2015, while constituting a mixture of traditional and traditional values, Chennai was named after the "hottest" city (priced, and for long term) by the BBC. National Geographic has given the green food to the second best in the world; This was the only Indian town to join the list. Chennai was also named as one of the best metro cities on world
Chennai Metropolitan Area is one of India's largest city economies. Madras was named "Detroit of India" which exceeds one-third of India's automobile industry in the city. In January 2015, this was the third place in terms of GDP per capita. Chennai was elected as one of the 100 Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under the smart Citizen Mission for Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
Madras was born before the British presence was established in India. The word Madras is believed to have originated from "A D Des", which means "God's mother", Portuguese impact on port city. According to some sources, Madras was taken from Madrasapatnam, a fishing village in north of Fort St George. George. However, it is uncertain whether the name was in use before the Europeans arrived. British military leaders had to believe that Madras was basically "Mundhir-raj" or "Mundiraj". In 1367, a Vijayanagar eageran inscription which refers to the port of Madarasan Pattanam was traced to 2015 with other small ports on the east coast and estimated that the port of presiding is a harbor for Ropuram.
The presence of Chennai, Telugu original, can be seen clearly by historians. This was derived from the name of Damarala Chenappa Nayakudu, a Telugu ruler, who was a damandar Venkatapati, who worked as normal under Venkata III of the Vijayanagar Empire, where the British conquered the city in 1639. The first official use of Chennai was made on 8th August, 1639 before Francis Day of East India Company, in the Senenakasu Perumala Mandir, 1646.
In 1996, the Tamil Nadu Government officially renamed Madras in place. That time the name of many Indian cities had changed. The name, Madras, however, continues to be sometimes in use for the city, as well as in places like Madras University, I. T. Madras, Madras, Institute of Technology, Madras Medical College, Madras, Veterinary College, Madras, Christian College, Madras.
Chennai (Tamil: செனைIPA: [ˈ ʃɛəɪன்]), is the Chota city of India, and the third largest town in Tamil Nadu, which is situated on the Bay of Bengal in India. Its population is 83.40,000. The city is famous for its culture and tradition. British built the city in 17th century by extending a small island of Madraspatnam. He developed it as a city and a naval base. By the twentieth century, Madras had become the capital of Presidency, and one of the leading administrative centers.
Automobile, technology, hardware production and health related industries in Chennai. This is the second largest exporter of India in software, information technology products. Automobile industry is in Chennai and its suburban area. the $39% of GDP in Chennai realm and 60% of the Indian automotive export. That's why it's called Detroit in South Asia.
Chennai is flourishing in cultural, here ड़ॊ there are hundreds of artists in Madras Music Season. Rangasala culture is also very good in Chennai, and is an important center of Bharatanatyam. The Tamil film industry, also known as the Tamil cinema, is India's second largest film industry.
The name Madras was already drawn from Madras. Madrasapatnam is the permanent ground which is selected by British East India Company in 1639. On the south of this lies the village called Chennappanam. After some time, the city was finally called "Madras". But the inhabitants of this place were known as' chennapatnam 'or "chennpuri". In 1996, the name of the town was changed to 'Chennai' (also called 'Chennai' in Hindi) because the word 'Madras' was considered as' Portugal. It is believed that the city's Portugal name was captured by the name of "Madre-de-Sauce" who also included this place in the first world-largest in about 1550 who lived on his permanent dwellings. Some of them believe that the word 'Madras' was Tamil origin and that 'Chennai' could be another language.
Since the first century the jurisdiction of Chennai and the surrounding area has been the center for the activities of the people of Delhi. It has been the center of many important dynasties of South India, viz. Pallava, Chola, Pandya, and Vijayanagar. Mayalapur, now a part of Chennai city, used to puncture at the time of Pallavas. In modern times, the Portugese came in 1522 and produced another port called Sao Tome. The Portuguese appointed their Basera in north of Chennai and on the foundation of the Dutch East India Company.
On 22nd August 1639, when the British East India Company bought some land in the Coromandel Shandargiri by the king of Vijayanagar, Peda Venkata Roy of the year. 'Dhamreela Venkatapati, in this area, was the administration of those who belonged to the Nayaka. They allowed British merchants to make a factory and warehouse there. One year, the British traders built St George's Fort and subsequently became the center of colonial activity. All 1746 French armies captured in Madras and St. George's fort. Later, the British company regulated its control over this region to the X-la-Chapelle in 1749. This sector was also forced to arrest the attacks of Hyder Ali, the Sultan of the French and Mysore. By the end of the eighteenth century the britishes built about all of modern Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka where the capital was known as Madras. Under the fiasco of the British, Chennai city became an important modern city and naval center.
On the south east coast of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, is situated in the North East coastal region of Tamil Nadu. This coastal region is also called Eastern coastal plains. The average height of the sea level of this region is 6.7 meters and the highest height is at the height of 60 meters. The coast of Chennai which is known as Marina Beach expanded to 12 kilometers The river "Kovam" river in the city's middle has now become very polluted in the south. The base river is less polluted than "koovam" and has a number of animals on its banks. These two rivers are linked by the Buckingham canal. The canal decides about 4 kilometers between the seashore. The western part of the city has many lakes, one of which supplies of water to Red Hills, Sholavaram and Chembarambakkam. The underground water of Chennai is also polluted.
The Chennai city is divided into four parts named North, Central, South and West Chennai. It's okay. Madras is an industrial area. Central Madras is the main center of town. There is a prominent business-area at Périz Carner, also known as the Local People's Périz. South and West Chennai is going to become the field of information technology. Due to the rising population the city is increasing in different directions. The most advanced development in the areas are the Old Mahabalipuram Road, South Grande Trunk Road and the West, the Ambattur, Coimbedu and Sriperambadodur direction. There is also a national park on the city boundary of Chennai which is known as the Gundi National Park.
The annual temperature in Chennai is almost the same. This is due to the coast of Chennai and Thermal Ecuiter. All years of season is generally warm and greenish. The first week of May and June is the hottest of time. At this time, when temperatures reach 38-42 C, they are called as Agni Nakshatram or Kathiri Vayi. The coldest month of the year is January, when the minimum temperature reaches to 18-20 degrees C. The lowest temperature in here has been 15.8 degrees C and the highest temperature entered 45 degrees C. The average rain fall in Chennai is about 1,300 millers. It's mainly between September and December. Unlike other parts of the country, in Chennai during the monsoon return to the monsoons the north-east winds. cyclone ripped in the Bay of Bengal is celebrated several times. Even the biggest rains in the year 2005 were recorded at 2,570 millimeters. On November 2, 2017, there was less pressure on the Bay of Bengal near Sri Lanka in Madras due to which five hours of rainfall was pumped in a number of areas.
|Meteorological weather for Chennai, India|
|Average High MIT||28 |
|Average Low Degree C||21 |
|Varsha (inches)||16.2 |
|Source: %s India Meteorological Department|
Administrative and useful services
- Also see: Buildings and structures of Chennai
Chennai city is governed by Chennai Corporation. It was established in 1688, not only in India but also in any of the Commonwealth countries outside Britain. It has 155 parts, representing 155 different parts of Chennai. His elections are held directly to the city of Chennai. They choose one of themselves, Mayor and a sub-Mayor, who operates six committees. Being the capital of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, the head of the state Government offices are located mainly in Fort St George in Mumbai and the rest of them in various places in the city. The jurisdiction of the Madras High Court is to the Tamil Nadu state and Puducherry. It is the highest justice institution of the state and is established in Chennai. There are three Lok Sabha constituencies in Chennai, North, Chennai, Central and Chennai, South and 18 Vidhan Sabha constituency.
The metropolitan area of Madras permeates many suburbs, which come to the areas of Kanchipuram district and Tiruvallur district. There are Town City Holds in the Bada suburbs, and there are Town-Parishad in small areas called Panchayat. The area of a city which has 174 KM² (67 miles²), has area of cities which has stretched to 1189 m² (458 miles). The Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority (CPI) has prepared a second master plan for the development of satellite cities near town. Among the nearby satellite cities Mahabalipuram (in the south), Chengalpappattu and Mariyamalai Nagar in south-west, Sriperambudur, Tiruvallur and Arakkonam are to the west.
The Chennai Metropolitan Police Department is also a section of the Tamil Nadu Police, involved in the care of the law and security system. Police Chairman of the city is Police Commissioner, Chennai and Administrative Control is near the State Ministry of Home Affairs. This department contains 36 sub-parts and 121 police stations. city accounts are controlled by Chennai City Traffic Police. The suburban areas of mahanagar come under Chennai Metropolitan Police, outer jele, Kanchipuram and Tiruvallur police departments.
The Chennai Corporation and the Metropolitan Municipalities offer the municipal facilities. In most areas, the rag-management indigo menu and menu environment management; A private company and a few others have a municipal corporation. WATER-SUPPLY AND MALE-EXIT (SEVEZ TREATMENT) PROVIDES CHENNAI METROPOLITAN WATER SUPPLY AND SEVAGE BOARD. The electricity supply manages the Tamil Nadu electricity board. The city's telephone service is managed by six mobile and four landline companies, and also provides the Internet by companies and hands and broadband services.
Since there is no major river through the city, in Chennai, there is a history of protecting the annual monsoon rains in their tours. The city has faced water scarcity because of the rising population and falling levels. The Veeranam Lake Project in this direction has proved to be an effective crack. The new Veeranam project has solved this problem to a large extent and has relied its dependence on far sources of Shahar. In recent years, a massive ransom ranchal has supports the revival of the water in Anna Nagar, and it has considerably reduced the city to a severe need for water transport. Along with this, new projects like the Telugu Ganga project are now bringing up the water from Andhra Pradesh to Krishna which almost removed the crisis. The setting up of a sealed water plant in the city is also at progress so that water of the sea can be used to supply water.
- Also see: Tamil cuisine and Tamil cinema
Chennai is the cultural capital of India. The city is famous for classical dance programs and temples. Every year there is organized in Madras Music Season in Chennai for the week. This is organized in 1927 with the creation of the Madras Music Academy. There are hundreds of thousands of artists in the city and nearby classical Karnataka music programs. Another north-eastern Chennai which is a part of the different arts from Tamil Nadu state every year Chennai is also known for Bharatanatyam. This is a famous dance form of South-India. In the southern part of the city, KalakadKshetra, a place called 'Bharatanatyam', is a famous cultural center. Some of India's best comers in Chennai, which give several different Carol programs in English and Tamil on Christmas occasion. Madras Museum's isolation is one of the oldest and installation qualifiers in India and has detailed programs around the world.
Madras is the city which is called Tamil cinema. The industry is located in Kodambakkam, where the most film studio is a cast. More than 150 films are created annually by this industry and even the albums of South-Track are musical. Some of the names of persons connected with the industry are Ilayaraja, Balachander, Shivaji Ganeshan, M. G. Ramachandran, Rajnikanth, Kamal Hasan, Mani Ratnam and S. Shankar.
A R Rahman has given me an international fame to Chennai. Rahman got two oscar honors for Slumdog Millionaire in 2009. The Tamil plays are now projected in Chennai on the stage, in which political, comedy, mythology, etc. are all races Apart from him, the English language plays are also conducted.
The village is the opposite of the state's festivals, it is the punch-day Pongal chief. Also all the main festivals are celebrated with Deepavali, Eid, Christmas, etc. Here are the combinations of vegetarianism and non-vegetarianism in Tamil consonants. There are also plenty of alphabets or tiffin available in various parts of the city which can be found as Pongal, Dosa, Idli, Wada, etc. which is served with hot or cold coffee.
Chennai is the center of business, commercial and transport in South India. Towards the end of the 19th century, the industrial sector came to be established in Chennai. The largest railway coach building factory by the Government of India in Asia, has been established by the Government of Perambur near Chennai, India. Among the industries here, the textile industries, chemical industries, paper and paper-made industries, printing equipment and printing industries, paper-related industries, including leather, diesel engines, motor vehicles, cemeteries, sugar, matches, railway declines. Apart from this there are various kinds of industries and factories launched by the government. Of these are the key lies of the Indian Coach Factory, Hindustan Telepernter, Chennai refinery and Chennai Fertilizers and etc. Petro-chemicals production in Madras petro-chemicals.
A Chennai resident is called Chennai in English and Hindi equivalent Madrasi According to the Census of India in 2001, the population of Chennai city was 43.4 million; the total city population was 70.4 million. The estimated metropolitan population of 2006 is 4.5 million. In 2001, the population density of the city was 24,682 sq. kms. (63,926 per sq mile), while that of metropolitan area was 5,922 per sq km, it was the highest population in the world. The gender ratio is 951 women/1000 male, which is slightly greater than the national average of 944. The average literacy rate in the city is 80.14%, which is higher than the national average rate is 64.5%. The population of slum-wasted residents in this city is in the fourth place compared to other metropolis in India which 8,20,000 people (18.6% of the population) This number is 5% of the total population of India. The crime rate in 2005 was 313.3 per 1 lakh people in the city, which is 6.2% of all major cities in India. These data grew from 2004 to 61.8%.
Tamil people are a majority in Chennai. Tamil is the main language. Business, education and other official class business and service are spoken mainly in English. besides these, the less local number of people like Telugu and Malayali also are also present. There is also a good number of people coming from all parts of Tamil Nadu and all parts of India in Chennai. According to the 2001 statistics, out of the 937,000 states of cities (21.57% of total population); 74.5% had arrived from other parts of the state; 23.8% was the population of India and 1.7% foreigners. In total population, there are 82.27% Hindus, 8.37% muslims, 7.63% Christians and 1.05% Jains.
Chennai appears to be like the entrance to south India, which includes Anna International Terminal and Kama Raj International Airport in Chennai, International Airport which is the third largest in India. A Chennai city is connected to more than 30 national and international vimana services on key points of South Asia, South-East Asia, East Asia, Central East, Europe and North America. This airport is the second busiest of Cargo Terminus in the country. More modernization and expansion programs are in the current airport. Also the new Greenfield airport in Sriperumbudur is around Rs 2000 crores. It's been hired to be. There are two major vegetarians in the city, Chennai Port, which is one of the largest artificial ports, Annoor Port. The second largest non-ferrous port in the Bay of Chennai, Bengal is the southwest trade center where automobile, motorcycle, general industrial goods and other wholesale minerals. The biggest leaf of India is after Mumbai. In this prosthesis, it is said that a thick wall of concrete which was parked at the ocean when dozens of ships are parted together. All the south-eastern parts of southern India (Tamil Nadu, South Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka States) are the background. Here the major exports are mainly metallic and its oil, tobacco, onion, kahwa, ambakh, manganese, tea, masala, oilseeds, tohan, coconut, coconut and coals, petroleum, metals, machinery, wood, chemicals, chemicals, rice and cereals, long fibrous cotton, etc. A small port is also in Royapuram, which is used by local fishermen and water vessels. On the eastern coast, a great tradition in Chennai which is accomplished with no natural living conditions, has been due to artificial ways which developed a port. Being a bandwart, it is associated with sea tracks from Kolkata, Visakhapatnam, Colombs, Rangoon, Port Blair and other places.
As the main junction of rays and roads today, this city is connected with different cities of the country. This is connected with different cities of countries in Bangalore, Calcutta, Delhi, Hyderabad, etc. by the air path. It is well-attached to other parts of Chennai which are inter alia to the trains. Five major national highways connect the city to Mumbai, Kolkata, Tiruchirappalli, Tiruvallur, Tindevanam and Puducherry. Chennai, Mofussil Bus Terminus, is a part of all inter-state services from Chennai. This is Asia's largest bus. Seven governmental transport corporations are interfered with urban and Inter-state bus services. Many private bus services also offer Chennai facilities to others.
Chennai is South railway headquarters. There are two main railways in the city tarminal. Railway facility is available for the Madras Central Railway Station where all major cities like Bombay, Calcutta, Bangalore, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kochi, Coimbatore, Thiruvananthapuram, etc. From the Chennai Egmore railway station, it is now available in railway station etc. trains from a nearby state are also running here.
Bus, rail, autorickshaw are all available transport for public transport in the city.Chennai Suburban railway network is the oldest in India. There are four Broad gage railway fields available at the railway station in the city of Chennai, Central and Chennai. Regular services are available for the following users in the city from this terminal:
- Chennai Central
- Chennai Central
- Chennai Beach
- The fourth Sector is at a high level and connects the Chennai Beach to Velachery and is connected to the rest of the net.
A Chennai Metro is a quick transport service approved for Chennai. In the first phase there is two lines in use and in the working of the other lines is under construction. This whole project cost the two corridors of the first phase is Rs 14,600 crores. which is 50.1 kms long , 2007 cost 9596 crore by the Anun of 2007..
Metropolitan Transport Corporation (MTC) runs bus transport in the city. A 2773 bed of carriers provides daily transportation for 32.5 million passengers on 288 routes.
Autorickshaw on a vine and a ride run by the name of a maxie cabb on many paths in the city, which just alternative to bus service. The transport infrastructure of Chennai offer better contacts, but in view of the growing population transport congestion (congestion) and pollution problems have also been raised. The administration has solved some of these problems in how flyover and on-grade separators were started by Anna Salai, the most important road in the city from Gemini flyover in 1973. The latest link to this series is Kathiaida flyover.
There is government and private schools in Chennai. The medium of education is Tamil or English. Most of the schools are connected with the Tamil Nadu State Education Organization or Central Board (CBSE). The city has about 1,389 schools and 731 primary school, 232 secondary school and 426 higher secondary school.
Indian Institute of Technology in Chennai, 1794, has been known as Institute of Engineering Madras and Sr. university in Madras in 1949. Most of the engineering college concerns Anna University. Madras Medical College, Stanley Medical College, Kilpauk Medical College and Sr. M.R. Medical College and Research Institute are the primary medical college in Chennai.
Many schools that provide education in science, art and commercial sectors are associated with the Madras University. The city of Madras University has three premises. Madras Christian College, Loyola College, The New College and Patrician College are some famous independent colleges. Many research centers are also conducted in Chennai.
Chennai city is famous for various fields. The city has given India many talented players. S. Venkatesh Raghavan and Krishnamachari Srikkanth have introduced India in cricket England's famous cricket player Nasir Hussain was born in Chennai. MRF Pace Foundation is a famous fast bowler which is being run in Chennai from 1987 to 1987. The local team of Chennai in Indian Premier League is Chennai Super Kings, whose Captain Mahender Dhoni. M. A. Chidambaram Stadium in Chepuk is one of the oldest cricket Madano in India.
Mayor Radhakrishnan Stadium is a popular field of hockey. Here, one of the important hockey competitions like Asia Cup and Champion Trophy are organized.Here is a Chennai team which can be regarded as a barrister in Premier Hockey League.
There is a famous tennis event that was organized in Chennai Open. This is India's only one-T tournament. Vijay is the famous tennis player and ramesh krishnan who links to Chennai.
1995 Chennai is hosted for South Asian Games. Jawahar Lal Nehru Stadium is used for football and Athletic events. All the inter-colorful event has been at this Stadium. The water sports are organized in Velachery, Akematic Copus.
Chennai is the name of here in car race competitions. In one of the Race Track which is used for international car race in Erungattukottai in Sriperumbadar. Horse race is organized in the guindy race course. The Madras Boat Club organizes a Nauchana race. There are two golf areas in Chennai: Cosmopolitan Club and Gymkhana Club. Vishwa chess player Vishwanath Anand has been born in Chennai also. In the Commonwealth Games of 2006, Krishna Kemal, a gold winner, two-times world camps. Maria Erudyam is a native of Chennai.
The city which is superbroadcast in Chennai is located here where there are several dozen such places, including Madras University, Chepopouk Mahal, Fisheries Palace, Kapilesvara and Parthasarathi temples, Ajayabghar and Zoo. Another important attraction in Chennai is St George Fort. It was made by the French Day of the East India Company in 1640. This fort was the commercial center of the East India Company. For 150 years this was the center of World War and Conspiracy. The old army camp in the fort is the house of the army camp, house of officers, St. Mary Cathedral and Robert Clive. Saint Mary's Church is the oldest churches built in India by Angels.
Chennai's Marina is one of the most tourist attractions. This is the second largest beach in the world. In the roundabout 200 yards of land the evening seems so crowded that the whole city has come there. All day long I want to give the morning at Marina in the evening and also in unlighted. Marina is a swimming pool for the facilities of tourists because it is dangerous for the depth and depth of the sea. Shark is also adept, and must take full advantage of the swimming pool for bathing or swimming. She also has a special frieze which includes all the exotic fishes. The northern Chief Minister of Marina Shore is developed as the battleground of Annadurai. The people here can be see with the tradition of worship. Additionally M.G.R. The monument has also been built by two large elephant-tooth entrance. A torch here is always ignant.
A Chennai park also affects tourists. It is a different park like his own which was built by the American government named Rumulus Whitekar. Even more than 500 dangerous Indian snakes can be termed as the vivid museum of snakes. With a tremendous amount of fanfare, this theme offers a couple of feudal romance. Here other living organisms like crocodiles, codiles etc. are also kept in the plants. The philosophy of the artistic culture of Chennai Metropolis can be easily done in the National Art Gallery at Pantheyan Road.
From religious point of view, the whole of south India is a pilgrimage where architecture and sculpture are unique examples. This temples have a visionary and sculpture. In spite of being quite a different style of temples from North India, they are attracted by all Indian honors in reverence and devotion. The Partha Sarathi temple at Tiruvanni is mentioned that it was built by King Pallava in the eighth century. Some of the works on the walls of this devastation are reconstructed. The second interesting temple is the Kalimesvara temple at Milapore, built in Dravidian sculptures. Here the mata parvati bear the throat of the worship. The sea dune from the sand is a very hot climate crisis which makes the fields of cále, coconut and palm trees beautiful.
Malapur Kapileshwar Temple
Chennai Metropolitan Region
M. A. Chidambaram Cricket Stadium
Chennai-based National Art Gallery
Chettinad Castle on the banks of the Adyar River
Marina Beach Mein Anna Samadhi Phadwar
- Iitm maingate logo.jpg
Indian Institute of Technology symbolized the institution behind the Chennai entrance
- ↑ "Stored Copy". Archived by original on 21 March 2019. Return date on April 23, 2017.
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- ↑ "Chennai Emerging as India's Silicon Valley?" The Economic Times. May 1, 2008. Archived on 2nd May 2008 from original. On May 17th, 2008.
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- ↑ "Detroit Next Big Threat". Washington Post. Archived by original on 28th June, 2011. Exchange date March 3, 2009.
- ↑ "Madras, India (Capitol)." Encyclopedia Britannica (Eleventh version) (1911) Return date: 2007-09-04
- ↑ "Gea ographical and physical features". District Profile. Gov t of Bharath. Archived on 30 July 2013 from original. The regression date is October 4, 2007.
- ↑ Pulikesi, M; P. Basalingam, D. Elango, V.N. Ray, udu V. Ram amurthi, S. Siv anesan (August 25, 2006). "in the Air Supplier Chennai, India, in summer of 2005". Journal of Haz ardous Materials. 136 (3): 589-596. DOI:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.12.039.
Chennai is fairly low-lying, its highest point only being 300 metres (934 ft), sea level is a rugged barren hill source of the CavangerOh.when
|url= must be provided(Help)CS1 Maintenance: More than one name: authors list
- ↑ Basinakaran, Theodore S (January 12, 2003). Death of an Estuary. The Hindu. Archived on February 13, 2009 from original. Transit date September 12, 2007.
- ↑ Doraisles, amy Vani (October 31, 2005). "A breached ather for the uary Adyar." The Hindu. Archived on February 13, 2009 from original. Transit date September 12, 2007.
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|day=neglected (Help)CS1 Maintenance: File Text In terms of populationdensity, all the was 51st among ct in the world with 500,000 people.
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|lastlast=in first (help)
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- ↑ Sri vath, A (September 29, 2007). "Bridge across Time Skyline." The Hindu. Archived by original on 27 March 2011. Access date September 16, 2007.
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- ↑ Thyagarajan, S (August 22, 2002). "On the right track" The Hindu. Archived by original on 11th October 2007. The regression date is October 4, 2007.
- ↑ Brijnath, Rohit (October 6, 2007). "'s the most consistent champ." The Hindu. Archived by original on 11th October 2007. The regression date is October 11, 2007.
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- ↑ Sriniv, Meera (September 7, 2007). "Four Chennai a reason to rejoiceteachers". The Hindu. Archived by original on 12th October 2007. The regression date is October 4, 2007.
- ↑ peti an Indian Teams in International Comtions." Gov t. Of it. Archived by original on 27th September, 2007. The regression date is October 11, 2007.
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